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群書治要360中英對照 | 諸葛亮之為相國也,撫百姓,示義軌,約官職,從權制,開誠心,布公道

諸葛亮之為相國①也,撫百姓,示義軌,約②官職,從權制③,開誠心,布公道。盡忠益時者,雖仇(chóu/ㄔㄡ/)④必賞;犯法怠慢者,雖親必罰;服罪輸情者,雖重必釋;游辭巧飾者,雖輕必戮…


諸葛亮之為相國①也,撫百姓,示義軌,約②官職,從權制③,開誠心,布公道。盡忠益時者,雖仇(chóu/ㄔㄡ/)④必賞;犯法怠慢者,雖親必罰;服罪輸情者,雖重必釋;游辭巧飾者,雖輕必戮。善無微而不賞,惡無纖而不貶。庶事精練,物理其本,循名責實⑤,虛偽不齒⑥。終于邦域之內,咸畏而愛之。刑政雖峻,而無怨者,以其用心平,而勸戒明也。可謂識治之良才,管蕭之亞匹⑦矣。(卷二十七 蜀志)

(注釋)①相國:古官名。后為宰相的尊稱。②約:少,省減。③權制:權宜之制,臨時制定的措施。④仇:仇敵。⑤循名責實:依照其名來責求其實,要求名實相符。⑥不齒:不與同列;不收錄。⑦亞匹:同一流人物。

(白話)諸葛亮擔任宰相時,安撫百姓,明示禮義規范,精簡官職,采用權宜的法制,以真誠待人,處事大公無私。對于盡忠、有益國家的,即使是仇人也必定獎賞;觸犯法令、怠忽職守的,即使是親信也必定懲罰;認罪悔改的,即使罪行嚴重也必定從寬開釋;巧言掩過的,即使罪行輕微也必定從嚴判刑。就算善行再微小也要贊賞,惡行再微細也要指責。精通熟習各項政事,能從根本上解決問題,并依照職位來要求實效,不允許弄虛作假。最終在蜀國境內,人人都敬畏和愛戴他。刑罰政令雖然嚴厲,人民卻毫無怨言,正是因為他處事公平,而且勉勵、禁戒都非常明確。他真可以說是懂得治理國家的優秀人才,能與管仲、蕭何相媲美了。

He imparted to them the principles of propriety and righteousness; he ran a lean government which adjusted its policies as necessary to reflect changing circumstances; he was sincere and fair in making decisions. If a political adversary was loyal and beneficial to the country, premier Zhuge would reward him. If a trusted aide broke the law and neglected his duty, he would punish him. Those who repented their errors would be sentenced less severely even though their offenses were serious. But those who tried to talk their way out of their offenses were sentenced more severely even though their offenses were slight. No matter how small a contribution might be he would give recognition to those who deserved it; no matter how small an offense might be he would impose punishment on the offenders. He was a master in administration, as he would resolve problems at the root, with proper and recognized procedures that gave no allowance to sham and hypocrisy. In the end, all the people in Shu (kingdom) venerated premier Zhuge. Although the laws imposed by him were strict, the people did not utter any grievances because he was fair and honorable, as the parameters of rewards and prohibitions were clearly defined. Zhuge Liang was truly a remarkable politician and administrator, comparable to the caliber of Guan Zhong and xiao He-r. Scroll 27: Shu Zhi

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