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群書治要360中英對照 | 行己有六本焉,然后為君子。立身有義矣,而孝為本

孔子曰:“行己有六本焉,然后為君子。立身有義矣,而孝為本;喪紀①有禮矣,而哀為本;戰陣②有列矣,而勇為本;治政有理矣,而農為本;居國有道矣,而嗣③為本;繼嗣不立,則亂之源也。生財有…


孔子曰:“行己有六本焉,然后為君子。立身有義矣,而孝為本;喪紀①有禮矣,而哀為本;戰陣②有列矣,而勇為本;治政有理矣,而農為本;居國有道矣,而嗣③為本;繼嗣不立,則亂之源也。生財有時矣,而力為本。置本不固,無務豐末;親戚不悅,無務外交;事不終始,無務多業。反本修跡④,君子之道也。”(卷十 孔子家語)

(注釋)①喪紀:喪事。②戰陣:交戰對陣。③嗣:君位或職位的繼承人。④反本修跡:依據四部叢刊《孔子家語》,為“反本修邇”。回到事物的根本,從近處做起。

(白話)孔子說:“立身處世要先遵循六個根本準則,然后才能成為君子。立身合乎仁義,而孝是立身的根本;喪事要有禮節,而哀痛是喪事的根本;作戰布陣有行列,而勇是戰陣的根本;治理政務需有條理,而農業是政治的根本;安定國家有方法,而慎選繼承人是安國的根本;創造財富有一定的時機,而付出勞力是致富的根本。根本不能鞏固,就不要追求枝末小事的完美;親戚之間都不能團結和睦,就不要致力于跟外人交往;做事情有始無終,就不要去從事多種事業。因此,回歸根本從近處做起,這是君子應該采取的原則和方法。”所以假如本末倒置,不只徒勞無功,還會產生嚴重的流弊問題。

Confucius said:”There are six fundamental principles that a person must be aware of before he is qualified as a superior person. They are: The basis of benevolence and righteousness is filial piety. The basis of funeral rites and rituals is the spirit of mournfulness. the basis of a brilliant military strategy is bravery. The basis of a sensible government policy is agricultural production. The basis of national peace and stability is the selection of successors. the basis of creating wealth at opportune times is through hard work. If all these bases are not strong, he should not pursue perfection in non-essential matters. If he cannot associate harmoniously with his relatives, he should not strive to extend friendship to others. If he cannot complete his tasks, he should not accept additional tasks. In these situations, he should return to the basics and begin to work from the fundamentals. These are the approach and principles adopted by a superior person.” Scroll 10: Kong Zi Jia Yu

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