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群書治要360中英對照 | 夫仁義禮制者,治之本也;法令刑罰者,治之末也

夫(fú/ㄈㄨ/)仁義禮制者,治之本也;法令刑罰者,治之末也。無本者不立,無末者不成。夫(fú/ㄈㄨ/)禮教之治,先之以仁義,示之以敬讓①,使民遷善②日用③而不知也。(卷五十 袁子…


夫(fú/ㄈㄨ/)仁義禮制者,治之本也;法令刑罰者,治之末也。無本者不立,無末者不成。夫(fú/ㄈㄨ/)禮教之治,先之以仁義,示之以敬讓①,使民遷善②日用③而不知也。(卷五十 袁子正書)

(注釋)①敬讓:恭敬謙讓。②遷善:去惡為善,改過向善。③日用:每天應用;日常應用。

(白話)仁義禮制,是治理國家的根本;法令刑罰,是治理國家的枝葉。沒有根本就不能長久建立,沒有枝葉就不能穩定建設。以禮義教化治國,首先要實行仁義,帶頭做到恭敬謙讓,使人民在日常生活中不知不覺就遷善改過。

The standards of benevolence, righteousness, and propriety form the roots of the administration. The standards of law and punishment form the offshoots of an administration. Without the roots, a nation cannot be established. Without the offshoots a nation cannot be developed. To engage propriety and righteous principles to guide a nation, the administration must first implement benevolent rule and lead the people to nurture respects and humility, making them akin to proper conducts without being aware that this is happening. Scroll 50: Yuan Zi Zheng Shu

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