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群書治要360中英對照 | 《彖》曰:家人,女正位乎內,男正位乎外,天地之大義也

《彖》曰:家人,女正位乎內,男正位乎外①,天地之大義也。家人有嚴君焉,父母之謂也。父父、子子、兄兄、弟弟、夫夫、婦婦,而家道正,正家而天下定矣。(卷一 周易) (注釋)①女正位乎內…


《彖》曰:家人,女正位乎內,男正位乎外①,天地之大義也。家人有嚴君焉,父母之謂也。父父、子子、兄兄、弟弟、夫夫、婦婦,而家道正,正家而天下定矣。(卷一 周易)

(注釋)①女正位乎內,男正位乎外:女,指六二;男,指九五。這是以二、五兩爻得正于內外卦之象,說明女主家內事,男主家外事,以此來釋卦名。

(白話)《彖傳》上說:“家人卦”,象征女子守著正道,居于家內,相夫教子;男子守著正道,處理外務,承擔經濟重擔;男女各自安守正道,這是天地間的義理。家庭中有嚴明的君長,這就是指父母親。父親善盡父道,兒子善盡孝道,兄長善盡為兄之道,弟弟也善盡為弟之道,丈夫善盡夫道,妻子善盡婦道,這樣一來家道就能端正,所有家庭都能端正家道,那么天下就安定了。

The book of Tuan Zhuan said:”In the oracle named ‘family members’: A woman has her correct place on the inside, a man has his correct place on the outside. This is the great equitable way of heaven and earth. Each family is headed by ‘leaders’–a term referring to the father and the mother–who are serious and principled. When parents fulfill their duties as parents; when children fulfill their duties as children; when elder brothers fulfill their duties as elder brothers; when younger brothers fulfill their duties as younger brothers; when a husband fulfills his duties as a husband; when a wife fulfills her duties as a wife, then the family will live in harmony. When all families live in harmony, the whole world will become stable and harmonious.” Scroll 1: Zhou Yi

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