微信搜一搜

您的位置 首頁 群書治要

群書治要360中英對照 | 名不正,則言不順;言不順,則事不成

子路曰:“衛君①待子而為政,子將奚先?”問往將何所先行之也。子曰:“必也,正名乎!正百事之名也。名不正,則言不順;言不順,則事不成;事不成,則禮樂不興;禮樂不興,則刑罰不中(zhò…


子路曰:“衛君①待子而為政,子將奚先?”問往將何所先行之也。子曰:“必也,正名乎!正百事之名也。名不正,則言不順;言不順,則事不成;事不成,則禮樂不興;禮樂不興,則刑罰不中(zhòng/ㄓㄨㄥ\)②;禮以安上,樂以移風,二者不行,則有淫刑濫罰矣。刑罰不中,則民無所措手足。”(卷九 論語)

(注釋)①衛君:指衛靈公的孫子出公輒。因其父蒯聵謀害靈公正妻南子事敗而出奔,他承襲祖父衛靈公擔任該國君主。②中:適當、恰當。

(白話)子路問孔子:“如果衛國的君主打算請您去輔助他治國,不知您將以何事為先?”孔子說:“那一定是先正名,使名分與事實(身分等)相符。如果名不正,則言語不能順理成章;言不順,辦事就不易成功;辦事不成功,禮樂的教化就不能興起;禮樂不興起,刑罰就會用之不當;刑罰不當,人民就會感覺手足無措,天下就亂了。”

Zilu asked Confucius: “If the ruler of Wei is anticipating your assistance in the administration of his state, what will be your top priority?” Confucius said: “What is necessary is to define terms more precisely. If terms are not precise, then what is commanded cannot be accurately obeyed. If what is commanded cannot be accurately obeyed, work cannot be accomplished. If work cannot be accomplished, propriety and music will not flourish. If propriety and music do not flourish, punishments will not be properly applied. If punishments are not properly applied, then people will have no standard to judge their actions.” Scroll 9: Lun Yu

聲明:本文所有素材(文字、圖片、視頻)均來源于網絡搜集整理;如有侵權,請聯系我們處理刪除。(客服微信號:973454358)本文地址:http://www.lelstf.live/26815.html

意見與反饋

為您推薦

關注微信
微信掃一掃關注我們

微信掃一掃關注我們

返回頂部
杭城十三水怎么打会有好牌